Understanding Different Body Types in Ayurveda – Vata, Pitta and Kapha

Body Types in Ayurveda - Vata, Pitta and Kapha

Have you ever wondered why certain people stay calm in stressful situations while some get distressed easily? Or, how do some people gain weight when they eat too much, and some stay the same despite eating the same amount? The ancient science of Ayurveda has the answer to your questions.

Ayurveda is one of the world’s most ancient medical systems, and its roots originate from India. Ayurveda means “the Science of Life,” as it’s the ancient science of maintaining a balance between the mind, body, and spirit.

There are three different body types in Ayurveda, called Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. These body types or doshas are derived from the five elements present in nature, also called Panchamahabhutas. Each of the doshas is composed of a combination of elements:

  • Vata Dosha – Air + Ether
  • Pitta Dosha – Fire + Water
  • Kapha Dosha – Water + Earth

These three doshas govern our personality, mind, and body complex and make us individuals. These are the reasons why all body is not the same. All of the doshas are present in every individual. However, one or two doshas are dominant on the others.

The balance of the three doshas helps keep a body healthy for a long time. If the doshas, or the three body types according to Ayurveda, are close to your birth constitution, then there is prakruti, meaning you are healthy. Any imbalance or vikruti in the doshas can lead to unhealthy and even illness. Therefore, to have healthy mental and physical well-being, it is essential to understand the doshas. This blog will help you understand the different doshas in Ayurveda, signs of imbalance and remedies. Keep reading below:

  1. Vata Dosha

The vata dosha is derived from the two elements, air, and space. It’s responsible for governing all the body’s biological activities while also giving motion to the other two body types, kapha, and pitta. Vata is responsible for breath, excretion, pumping of blood, speech, and impulses.

People with a balanced vata dosha are creative and can easily express their minds. They are also active, quick learners, and cheerful. An imbalance in their dosha can lead to stress, anxiety, and mood swings. They may also suffer from abdominal pain, menstrual disorders, dry skin, constipation, and other health problems.

Vata Dosha - Body Types in Ayurveda
Vata Dosha – Body Types in Ayurveda

Vata Physical Traits

People with vata body types are physically underdeveloped. They are too tall or too short and skinny. Their veins and tendons are also very clearly visible through their skin. Vata dosha people have a brown to wheatish complexion, and their skin is usually very dry and cracked, especially during winter. They also have sunken eyes, thin eyelashes, and very cold hands and feet. Their nails are also brittle and rough. People with vata dosha also suffer from digestive problems. Their sleep patterns may also be very irregular, or they have fewer hours of sleep than people of other Ayurveda body types.

Vata Mental Traits

Vata people are very quick to grasp new things. But, as quick as they are in learning, they tend to forget things quickly and are characterized by short-term memory. Vata people also lack willpower, boldness, and confidence, but not in sharp wits. They also get anxious and stressed easily.

Signs of Imbalance 

  • Feeling restless and dizzy
  • Dry lips, hair, and joints
  • Excessive anxiety, agitation, muscle cramp, and spasm
  • Constipation or irregular bowel movement
  • Prefer warm surroundings
  • Pain in bones and joints
  • Pulse rate is abnormal

 Vata Balancing Remedies

  • Avoid fasting or going empty stomach for a long time
  • Regular head massages
  • Go to bed early and rise early
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, or chocolate
  • Consume naturally sweet and salty food
  • Include exercises in daily routine
  • Consume ghee and high-quality oils
  • Include warming regular or organic spices in daily diet
  1. Pitta Dosha

Next, out of the Ayurveda three body types, is pitta, derived from nature’s fire and water elements. Pitta is present in the pancreas, liver, eyes, small intestines, stomach, and blood. It’s mobilized through carrier substances like organic acids, bile, hormones, and enzymes. Pitta provides heat to the entire body by breaking down the food molecules and converting them into energy. People with pitta dosha have willpower and courage, are jealous, and can get angered.

Pitta Dosha – Body Types in Ayurveda
Pitta Dosha – Body Types in Ayurveda

Pitta Physical Traits 

People of pitta body are of medium height, generally with delicate and slender body frames. They have good digestion and strong metabolism, which results in a strong appetite. Pitta body type people’s complexion ranges between fair to reddish tones with soft skin. They also have silky and soft thin hair, prone to premature greying. Their eye colors range from copper, brown, grey, or green.

Pitta Mental Traits 

Pitta people are good orators, very competitive, and enjoy new challenges. They have a sharp mind and high concentration power. Hence they can solve complex equations quickly. They are good at decision-making and have good management and leadership skills. They are also intelligent, short-tempered, and perfectionists.

Signs of Imbalance

  • Weakness
  • Excessive hunger and thirst
  • Frustration and anger
  • Nausea or uneasiness when skipping meals
  • Burning digestion
  • Bitter taste in the mouth
  • Hot flashes
  • Fever

Pitta Balancing Remedies

  • Use ghee or clarified butter in cooking
  • Meditation
  • Drink 4-5 liters of water a day
  • Drink fresh juices
  • Practice yoga
  • Spend time in nature
  1. Kapha Dosha

Kapha dosha is derived from water and earth elements. Kapha is responsible for maintaining immunity, the physical form of the body, and lubricating the joints. Kapha is in the ligaments, tendons, connective tissues, lungs, throat, head, and fatty tissues.

People of Kapha dosha or body type are graceful in appearance. Their nature is easy-going, relaxed, and non-judgmental. They can listen to criticism without getting offended and don’t get upset easily. They are also clingy or possessive over things or some people for a long period.

Kapha Dosha – Body Types in Ayurveda
Kapha Dosha – Body Types in Ayurveda

Kapha Physical Traits 

The kapha body type is well-developed, and can carry excess weight. Kapha people have broad chests, and due to their thick skin layer, their veins and tendons are not visible. They also have oily, thick, dark, and curly hair and fair complexion. They usually have large eyes of blue or black shade. They also have low metabolism and often eat less food. But they are very optimistic and have good stamina.

Kapha Mental Traits 

Kapha people are usually of a calm mind and poised demeanor. They don’t easily get provoked and believe in maintaining harmony around them. They like peace and are forgiving in nature. But they also have some qualities, such as envy, greed, and attachment. They tend to get possessive about things or people close to them. Kapha people may take some time to understand difficult or complex things, but the information is always retained with them after understanding.

Signs of Imbalance

  • Lethargy
  • Indigestion
  • Obesity
  • Difficulty waking up in the morning
  • Excess weight
  • Poor memory
  • Coughing
  • Stubbornness
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Diabetes

Kapha Balancing Remedies

  • Exercises
  • Avoid sleeping during the day
  • Practice yoga
  • Avoid or have dairy products in moderation
  • Avoid excess food
  • Practice pranayama
  • Consume warm spices


And these were the three Ayurvedic body types. Every individual has these three Ayurvedic body types or doshas, out of which one is prevalent. By going through this blog, you will know the signs of dosha imbalances. You can bring back the balance of the doshas by following the remedies given in the blog to stay fit. You can also stay fit by consuming Ayurveda products which cause no side effects and keeps you healthy holistically.

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